Notes

4 The Conversation (Coppola 1974) features a taped recording which is fixed as an object, but whose significance changes through the interpretation of the lead character. The Orphanage, or El Orfanato (Bayona 2007), includes a sonic event whose meaning changes when the scene is revisited from a different state of awareness. Because these sonic events are plot-driven moments that manifest in different ways over the course of the film, it is best to watch both films in their entirety to understand how sonic disclosures can function in film.