3. The affective category is the most fundamental to experience and yet the most difficult to characterize in theory, since it operates logically prior to abstraction or identification. In its simplest form, it is the assimilation of sound into the body; in Nancy’s terms, this ‘resonance’ is illustrative of a necessary architecture of listening (Nancy & Mandell, 2007). As well, Goodman’s excellent foray into ‘affective contagions’ and other audio viruses highlights the manipulation of affection in pre-symbolic spaces (Goodman, 2009). For my purposes in this paper, affective listening simply refers to the unqualified experience of listening directly with the body (aural or otherwise) rather than cognitively processing a sound as representative of some other object or event. This is particularly important when differentiating between cultural codes of music and noise, a primary task of this research. For more on this topic, see the 5th chapter of my dissertation (Butera, 2010).